All you need are three ingredients.
- Browns: Materials like dead leaves, branches and twigs provide carbon.
- Greens: Materials such as grass clippings, vegetable waste, fruit scraps and coffee grounds provide nitrogen.
- Water: Important for compost development when added to browns and greens, water provides moisture and breaks down organic matter.
Composting in your yard.
To start your compost pile, you should:
- Have equal amounts of browns and greens and alternate layers of different-sized particles.
- Pick a dry, shady spot near a water source.
- Add browns and greens as you collect them and chop larger pieces up.
- Moisten dry materials as needed.
- Once established, add grass clippings and green waste into the pile and bury fruit and vegetable waste under 10-inches of compost material.
If you don’t have the outdoor space, you can compost indoors using a special kind of bin, which you can get at most hardware or garden supply stores.
How composting helps the environment.
- Enriches soil by retaining water and decreasing erosion. It helps suppress plant diseases and pests.
- Reduces the need for chemical fertilizers.
- Aids in the production of beneficial bacteria and fungi that break down organic matter to produce a nutrient-filled humus.
- Keeps materials out of landfills, reducing methane gases and lowering your carbon footprint.